One of the basic technical skills I’m trying to wrap my mind around at the moment is how to use off camera flash – old school photographers, working with expensive film, used detailed metering and complex mathematical calculations. I’m more inclined set everything to manual and play with the dials until it starts to look plausible. My garden is always a good place to find models, albeit often very tiny ones unwilling to sit still for long. These were shot using an old film 105mm Nikkor lens with an extension tube that takes it to 1:1 magnification. Using a flash meant I could set the aperture to F/11 – 15 or so, and (since I was working hand held) keep the shutter speed around 150/sec. I held the mildly unweildly length of the camera/lens/extension in one hand, and the flash in the other, adjusting the final focus by the simple method of leaning forward or back slightly, and moving the light-holding hand to various angles.